Federal Reentry/Drug Court is a post-incarceration, cooperative effort of the U.S. District Courts, U.S. Probation Office, Federal Public Defender and U.S. Attorney’s Office. They provide a blend of treatment and sanction alternatives to address re-integration into the community for nonviolent, substance-abusing offenders released from federal prison. These courts typically include early release from the U.S. Bureau of Prisons with a strict supervised-release regimen. They incorporate the Key Components of Drug Courts in a voluntary, but contractual, program of intense judicial supervision and drug testing lasting a minimum of 12 to 18 months. Each program wields court-ordered sanctions for violations of the offender’s contract for participation as well as incentives for client success (Huddleston, et al., 2008).